English Lesson IVa : PRONOUNS

Pronoun - is the part of speech that takes the place of or substitutes a noun.

It is good that pronouns had been invented because if not, writing and speaking will be so boring if we are going to hear and read the same names (in writing, it's troublesome to write long names too!) over and over again. Imagine your essay for example about the "mysterious woman in black dress" - the name is unknown. You have to write that name phrase you called her again and again to say something about her, without using Pronouns, it would be difficult, I suppose. Thanks it has came about :)

The "basics" about PRONOUNS...

Like nouns, pronouns have the same properties as in number, gender and case.


Number of pronouns:
Singular -  refers to a single thing/person (one only).
Plural – refers to two or more objects/persons.


 Pronouns

Gender

Number

he
masculine 
singular
she
feminine
singular
it
neuter (Non-living things and unspecified animal gender)
singular
they
non-specific (common gender)
(Plural form of all the first three pronouns listed)
plural
we
common gender
plural
you
common gender
plural
Cases of Pronoun
(Pronouns’ function in a sentence)

Possessive Pronouns indicate or tells ownership. Tells who owns something.

his
A man owns something.
singular
Mr. Estacio owns the building. That is his building.

hers
The owner is a woman in gender.
singular
Dr. Lucy Vidal owns the Luis Vuitton luggage.  The luggage is hers.

its
A thing or animal being the owner.
singular
Whisker, my cat, has a snowy white fur. Its fur is as white as a snow.

theirs
Many persons (boy/girl) owner.
plural
Espedillon Family owns the newly-renovated resort. The resort is theirs.

yours
The one being talked to is the owner.
singular
You own the red BMW in the garage, right? The BMW in the garage is yours, right?

ours
Speaker and others are the owners.
plural
The house on top of the Yaganak Mountain belongs to my family. The house on top of the Yaganak Mountain is ours.         


Subjective Pronoun – being used as the subject of the sentence or is the doer of the action/verb.

Pronoun
Example as used in a sentence:
I
I will be hosting the Musical GEM next month.
he
He is in charge of the event’s coordination.
she
She was obliged to comply with the Company’s regulation.
we
We attended the WS in the Locale of  Temple Hills.
they
They are heading for the final screening on Saturday.
we
We will include the Philippine Arena on our Family Week’s itinerary this year.
you
You will be subject to further evaluation by the Manager.

Objective Pronoun – being used in the sentence as the receiver of action or object.

Pronouns
Examples in a sentence
me
My father fetches me after office hours.
you
I will bring you the supplies you have ordered on Tuesday.
him
I am asking him to bring the R3-forms to the District Office.
her
She caused her too much grief, being a home-wrecker.
them
Dr. Caballero advised them to complete the medication.

Other Kinds of Pronouns


Demonstrative Pronounsrepresent a thing or things with a consideration on the thing's/things' distance to the speaker, near or far.

this
Refers to an object (one only) held by the speaker or within his reach.
singular
these
Talks about many objects (two or more) near or held by the speaker.
plural of “this”
that
Refers to an object (one only) far from the speaker.
singular
those
Refers to many (two or more) objects far from the speaker.
plural of “that”




Indefinite Pronouns -  represent a person/persons, a thing/things that are not particularly known or sure who is being referred to.

Singular

everybody
nothing
no one
another
nobody
something
anybody

someone

anyone

everyone
Plural
either
many
each
others
anything
all
everything
both
neither
Several
eitherfew
few

Interrogative Pronounsused in asking questions, all starts with “Wh-”, that is the hint to remember.

Pronoun
Equivalent
Who
Refers to the person being asked of.
What
Refers to the question about a “thing or event”.
When
Refers to the time, day, month year being asked.
Where
Refers to the question about the place of occurrence.
Why
Refers to the the reason being asked about.
Which
Refers to the question of two or more things being subject for selection.




After this "basics", watch-out for the next Lessons tackling the usage and substitution examples from a noun to a pronoun and more about it.

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Family, Daily Living & Style by Angelita Galiza-Madera is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.