Punctuation Marks Simplified Lesson

Here are the most commonly-used punctuation marks in the English language with Tagalize (translated in Filipino)  version below each part. A help for English learners.


Period (tuldok in Filipino Language) =   .

-Used at the END of sentences stating a fact or narrates something or telling a story.
-There is NO actual emotions present (seen, heard or felt while talking). It is also used in sentences denoting command or request.

(Ginagamit kapag ang pangungusap ay nagsasalaysay, o nagkukuwento o nagpapaliwanag maging sa mga pangungusap na pautos. Walang emosyong inilalahad sa pagkakasabi nito.)

e.g.
In Science, the attackers are called predators. (stating fact)

*********
The Locale of Gumaca serves as the Quezon East’s Evangelical District Office.
Ang Lokal ng Gumaca ay nagsisilbing opisina ng Pang-eklesiastikong Distrito ng Silangang Quezon.

*********
Angel Reign and Riana Ysobel plan to watch FYM after classes this afternoon. (telling/stating something)


Question Mark (Tandang pananong) = ?

Used in interrogative sentences (asking questions) only or in a word or sentence expressing uncertainty/doubt commonly enclosed in parentheses.

(Ginagamit sa mga pangugusap  na nagtatanong o dili kaya ay sa mga salita o pangungusap na nagpapahayag ng pagiging hindi tiyak o alinlangan sa sinasabi o isinasaad.

e.g.
Were you able to drop by at the Central Office this morning? (asking something)
Nakadaan ka ba sa Opisina ng Sentral kaninang umaga?

**********
She broke the antique heirloom (?)f their family.

The speaker is not sure whether the antique is really a family’s heirloom or not that is why question mark is placed to mean uncertainty/doubt of what is being told.

Nabasag niya ang antigong pamana(?) ng angkan nila.

Hindi tiyak ng nagsasalit akung pamana nga ba iyon o hindi kaya nilagyan ng question mark sa tabi ng mismong salita na hindi matiyak.


Comma (kuwit) =    ,


Comma is used to separate things that are being enumerated or listed in a sentence. It can also be used to separate direct words of the speaker from that of the narrator. It may also separate description of a noun/or rename a noun (persons, things, animals, events etc.) from the actual noun itself (appositive). Or even in tag questions.

Ang kuwit ay ginagamit upang pghiwa-hiwalayin ang mga bagay na itinatala. Magagamit din ito upang ibukod ang tuwirang sinalita ng ikinukuwento sa mismong naglalahad nito.

e.g.

“She is polite”, Riana said.

"Magalang siya", wika ni Riana.

**********
The necklace she is wearing consists of platinum, white gold, diamonds, and Swarovski crystals.

-The gems listed are separated by comma one after the other.

***********
The lady wearing the green scarf, Rebecca Bloomberg, is a self-confessed shopaholic.
Ang babaeng nakasuot ng berdeng bandana, si Rebecca Bloomberg, ay aminadong lulong sa pagbili.

The first phrase (an appositive) describes or refers to Rebecca Bloomberg (noun person).

***********
They had been lurking around the parking lot since last month before the incident happened, hadn’t they?

Noong nakaraang buwan pa sila lihim na nagmamasid sa paligid bago nangyari ang insidente, hindi ba?

A comma is placed before the tag question.


Quotation Marks (panipi) =   “   ”

Quotation Marks are used to tell the exact words of the speaker or to separate the exact words of a person other than the narrator. It is also used to tell Titles of a book, song, movie etc. aside from Italicize writing.

(Ang panipi ay ginagamit upang ibukod ang kumpleto at tuwirang sinabi o sinalita ng isang tao lalo na at iba sa nagsalita ang nagkukuwento.)

e.g.

You should have told me earlier so that I could have found a way to solve the problem. says Mr. Kim.

-Written in bold letters are the exact words of somebody else than the narrator/storyteller/speaker and the phrase after is the narrator’s.

*********
Dapat ay nasabi mo sa akin ng mas maaga para nakahanap ako ng solusyon sa problema. wika ni G. Kim.


Ang nakasulat nang matingkad ay ang tiyak at eksaktong/mismong sinabi ng isang tao na iba kaysa sa nagsasalita/nagkukuento. Ang parirala pagkatapos nito ay ang salita ng nagkukuento.

*********
The Play Les Miserables  is once lead-starred by Ms. Lea Salonga.

Ang teatrong palabas na “Les Miserables” ay minsang pinagbidahan ni Bb.Lea Salonga.
Ang Les Miserables ay pamagat ng palabas kaya ito ay ginamitan ng panipi.


Apostrophe (kudlit) =    

Apostrophe is used to show ownership/something owned by/show possession/for whom or to replace letter or letters omitted in a contracted word.

Ginagamit upang makapgpakita ng pag-mamay-ari/pag-aari ni/kung kanino/para kanino ang isang bagay o kaya naman ay upang palitan ang inalis na letra sa pinaikling pinagsamang salita.

e.g.

Reigns loom band collection
Travellers Inn

**********
doesnt
- replacing the  omitted letter “o” in the contracted/shortened words does not.


Hyphen (gitling) =   

Hyphen is used in making compound adjectives (descriptive words) usually made of (adjective + noun ) or (adjective +past form of a verb). It is also used in numbers, combining two place values .

Ginagamit sa pagbuo ng pinagsamang pang-uri  na karaniwang binubuo ng (pang-uri at pangngalan) o (pangngalan at pandiwa). Maaari rin itong gamitin sa mga bilang upang maibukod ang taglay na halaga.
e.g.

two-layer (a+n)                       fact-based (n+v)                      thirty-eight (tens-ones)
well-planned (a +v)                 twenty-one (tens-ones)


Colon(tutuldok) =  :

Colon is used to introduce a list of anything to give emphasis or highlight, list usually are numbered and written per line consecutively.

Ginagamit upang magpakilala ng tala ng kahit anong bagay  o gawain pra mabigyang-diin, karaniwang isinusulat ang tala ng isa-isang linya at may nakasulat na bilango kaya ay gitling ang nasa simula ng bawat linya.

Things to do in writing your draft (just my example):
1. Decide what topic to tackle
2. Write an outline
3. Fill the outline, each headings and subheadings
4. Choose a catchy title
5. Edit and re-write

**********
Ingredients:
- ½ chicken thighs
- tomato ketchup
-brown sugar
-soy sauce
-dried minced oregano

Semi-colon (tuldok-kuwit) = ;


Semi-colon is used to separate two independent clauses without the use of coordinating conjunction.

e.g.
The 'Worldwide  Walk' spearheaded by the Church of Christ claimed two Guiness Book of Records titles; the Walk is for the benefit of the victims (Church members or not) Typhoon Hai-yan.

Ang 'Worlwide Walk' na pinangunahan ng Iglesia ni Cristo ay tumanggap ng dalawang pagkilala sa Guiness Book of Records; ang paglakad ay para  sa  mga nasalanta  ng bagyong Hai-yan.



Exclamation Point (tandang padamdam) =  !

It is used at the end of every sentence that express strong emotions/feelings be it anger, happiness, sadness, excitement, thrill, surprise or fear etc. I t may also be used after/following interjections or sudden utterance/outburst of thoughts or feelings.

e.g.

Wow! The FYM  BioFilm is a box-office hit !

The word wow is an interjection (also ouch, oh) that is why an exclamation follows. The next sentence after wow, expresses surprise and gladness.


Parentheses  (saknong) = (  )

Parentheses (always written in plural form)

Parentheses are usually used to separate an important matter that must be told in a sentence so as to avoid confusion in understanding it.  Or in giving acronyms of an organization etc.

e.g.

I was raised by a single-mom (separated from my father) that inspires me to strive for more.

Children’s Worship Service (CWS)


Acronyms – are the combined initial letters of an organization, agency etc. made for the purpose of easy-recall. 


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Family, Daily Living & Style by Angelita Galiza-Madera is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.