In order for us to construct an English sentence correctly, we must consider the agreement of the subject (usually a noun or pronoun) and the predicate (verb).
A singular subject agrees with a singular predicate . Also a plural subject (noun/pronoun) agrees with a plural predicate (verb).
Before we proceed on learning the structure, we have to understand first how noun/pronouns and verbs form their plural.
Learning English is just a continuing process - the lessons from the earlier grade levels are somehow the same but became a little complicated as the level goes up. It is a MUST to know the BASIC foundation to be able to adapt in the progress.
Nouns (pangngalan) = refers to the name of persons, places, things, animals,events,emotions/feelings.
REGULAR Nouns form their plural by just adding /-s/ or /-es/.
view = views church = churches
spinster = spinsters box = boxes
On the other hand, IRREGULAR Nouns form their plural by changing their spelling. Among the most common are:
Nouns ending in /-y/
Drops the "y" and change it to -ies. It is most common in words with two or more syllables.
party (par*ty) = parties
baby (ba*by) = babies
Three or more syllables words:
industry (in*dus*try) = industries
tapestry (ta*pes*try) = tapestries
difficulty (dif*fi*cul*ty) = difficulties
There is an exception however on nouns ending in /-y/, BUT having only ONE syllable, /-s/ is only added at the end of the words.
boy = toys
toy = boys
ploy = ploys
Nouns ending in /-ius/ or /-us/ form their plural by changing it to /-i/ :
radius = radii alumnus = alumni
cactus = cacti
Nouns ending in /-fe/ are changed to /-ves/
wife = wives
life = lives
But there is always an exception:
dwarf = dwarfs
Other nouns form their plural by changing /a/ to /e/ :
man = men
woman = women
policeman = policemen
congressman = congressmen
Still other nouns form their plural by changing /-ouse/ to /-ice/
mouse = mice
louse = lice
Although blouse is an exception, /-s/ will just be added.
Change /-oo/ to /-ee/
goose = geese
tooth = teeth
Still other nouns:
child = children
ox = oxen
Verbs - are action words (pandiwa). Unlike nouns, verbs in plural form is without /s/ whilst singular verbs have /s/.
Let us now go to the sentence structure. The agreement of subject (noun/pronoun) and predicate (verb/verbs).
1. The woman (scout, scouts) for talents to perform in the upcoming theater act.
We have chosen the s-form of the verb because our subject is woman - which is singular. That means we have to choose a verb in singular form.
2. The congressmen (convene, convenes) on the implementation of the Bangsamoro Basic Law (BBL) in the existing ARMM region.
We picked verb "convene" without an /s/ being our subject/noun (congressmen) is plural form that must agree with a plural verb.
He / She / It
"I" and "You", although at a glance may look singular, are always considered plural in the English language. And those two pronouns, may be use to denote many. Like in example, if the class will speak in unison, "I" stands for all of the individuals in a class. "You" may also be used to refer to all of the members comprising the audience.
To remember it, we must note that in English, there is an unspoken rule in grammar that "what is good to hear" is the correct form.
1. I (go,goes) to market twice a week.
"Go" is the correct form because of the consideration that "I" is always considered plural.
2. You (shares, share) the same preferences on song choices.
"Share" became our choice applying "YOU" is always taken in the plural form.
The RULE is just noun - verbs / nouns - verb , that means if the noun is without /s/ the verb must have /s/ and vice versa.
I hope to have somehow lighten your burden in understanding the agreement of subject and verb. And if this had helped you, please hit the plus button, pin it, re-share it and please come back for more.
Thanks for reading, have a great day everyone!